- how many Women You already have duty testing?
- what is it Main reasons for violence against Woman?
- Where can those affected get advice and help?
- What can we do here?
Numbers scary. 40 percent of women have experienced physical or sexual violence since they were 16 years old. Many women have experienced violence at the hands of their current or former partner. What can those affected do, and where can they get advice and help? Do we need stricter laws? And what is the “International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women” that is celebrated annually 25. November is happening?
Violence has many faces
duty Don’t start with punches. It usually starts small. Insults, abuse, harassment or sexual innuendo are the beginning. It happens in public places: at work, on public transport, at school, on the street. Many women experience another form of violence at home with their partners. intimidationControl strikes. Often brutal and executed with extreme violence. Many women do not dare to escape out of shame or fear. why is that? And what can you do about it?
annoying other than women Finished in Germany in 2020 148,000 women victims duty In the partnership, 359 women were victims of (attempted) murder and manslaughter by their (former) partner, and 139 women died in the process. this means, Every two and a half days, a woman dies as a result of violence. annoying the master The number of violent crimes increased by 5% compared to 2019. The majority – 79 percent – of the perpetrators are male. It is difficult to imagine the consequences for the victims. They range from feelings of guilt and loss of self-esteem to anxiety and depression, not to mention the physical consequences. Although more and more countries The legal rules Against violence against women, about 307 million people were not affected by 2017 Law Protected against domestic violence.
In this context one can femicide to speak. This refers to the killing of women and girls committed or tolerated by private or public actors because of their gender. She was killed because she was female. Fatal: Femicide is not a criminal offense in Germany either. What’s called Separation kills It is usually punished as manslaughter, which suggests that the murder of a woman by her ex-partner is not a primary motive. Only in 1997 did he marital rape This law has been in force in Germany since 1965. Until 1997, women’s sexual self-determination ended on the day of marriage. If she was raped by her husband, it was at most coercion or physical harm. With 470 votes out of 643 (with 35 abstentions), this was included in Article 177 of the Criminal Code. Scary: Among the voices disapproving of this reform, there were also several women. (The full vote result is over here on pages 106-108).
Types of violence
What exactly is violence? According to BGH, legal identification The “Effective bodily coercion through the development of force or through other physical influences, the intensity of which is appropriate to impair the free decision or exercise of another person’s will(BGH NJW 1995, 2643). In criminal law, between two years Types of violence Mutamayiz: on the other hand, towards coercion, and also as violence of the will or bending through psychological influence, as coercion. The perpetrator wants to evoke a certain will in the victim. On the other hand, it is vis Absoluta, i.e. absolute or overwhelming power. This happens physical or physical, such as assault or rape, so the Decision making from the victim. This can be done by imprisonment or anesthesia.
Examples of physical violence include:
- Kick and punch
- spit on
- hold well
- Lock in/lock out
- “happy slapping” (A relatively new form of violence. Attacking a person with other accomplices in filming or filming them)
In contrast to physical violence, psychological violence is usually carried out verbally. This includes:
Unlike physical violence, it is often difficult for outsiders to recognize and understand to prove. However, physical and psychological violence can coexist and be practiced together. Social or economic violence, such as control over contact, isolation, financial censorship, or sexual abuse, must also be addressed to rejectto allow the other to work.
Another format is sexual violence. In most cases, this is a combination of physical and psychological violence. This includes all kinds of forced sexual acts. These include, above all, sexual harassment, sexual coercion, sexual assault and rape. We also mention here the forced marriage of girls or women, as well as the circumcision of girls.
Where can women find advice and help?
In order to address violence against women, different measures Established. So it is in Bavaria The concept of “Bavaria against violence” is implemented in three stages. At the federal level, the international concept of 2030 Agenda, Clause 5. It states, among other things, that all forms of discrimination against women and girls worldwide should end by 2030. However, it is unclear how this will be implemented. Moreover, all forms of violence against women and girls should be abolished Child marriageEliminate early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation. Since there is no clear date, goal setting can be read here.
There are 400 women’s shelters in Germany, as well as more than 40 shelters or shelters Shelter apartments With more than 6,000 seats available. There are also about 750 specialized counseling centres. As a reminder, in 2020, there were more than 148,000 women who were victims of violence. A helpline has been set up. under Free phone number 08000116016 Women can all the time Contact advisors confidentially and anonymously. But relatives or other people can also use the offer to help women who can’t call themselves. The show is on the 18th Foreign languages possible. This helpline was created in 2013 by Law furnished. Also one Online consultation Possible, if necessary in plain language and also in German Sign language.
but this help Enough? To get help, you must first ask for it. It can under certain circumstances of the woman concerned problem If they are victims of social and/or economic violence and therefore do not have access to the telephone or the Internet. Because social contacts are restricted, they are often unable to seek help from a third party. However, there is one way strangers, such as the postman, neighbors, or passers-by to inconspicuously ask for help. The Canadian Women’s Foundation He has one for that gesture It was developed so that women could draw attention to the fact that they are victims of violence. To do this, the palm is turned up, the thumb is bent inward and clamped with the other four fingers. If something with this sign comes to your attention, act carefully without endangering yourself or the victim. Try to get as many as possible Information to collect it to pass it on. It can then be sent to police or helpline.
International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women
affiliate my knowledge This day is the story of the three Mirabal sisters. They had met in the Dominican Republic vs dictatorship Resisted under Rafael Trujillo. After months of torture, they were murdered on November 25, 1960. Since 1981, on the anniversary of her death, worldwide attention has been drawn to violence against women and injustice. In 1999, the United Nations recognized B PrecisionMake November 25 the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women. In addition, during the “16 Days Against Violence Against Women and Girls” between November 25 and December 10, International Human Rights Day, the campaign “Orange world“Implemented. You take various actions, eg media Disconnected in different cities, events are held online as well as concerts.
Moreover Famous People Become more involved in these activities. For example, artist Caroline Kickpus exclaims in an interview with dpa To do more to end deadly violence against women. Above all, she criticizes the fact that the media rarely use the term “femicide”. In some formats, such as on the “True Crime” podcast, these incidents are sometimes downplayed.
During the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women are numerous Procedures Scheme. There will also be information booths in many places. The circle of supporters continues to grow, and more and more celebrities such as actors, singers, and politicians have been or are, such as Bully Herbig, Sebastian Fitzek, and Ursula Karven. under Hashtag #breaking the silence you can on side From the Helpline Posts Participants Look at work.
It is actually unimaginable. The bare numbers alone leave you alone trembling. It is shocking that women in the 21st century are still so often the victims of violence. Much has been achieved in the meantime, but there is still a long way to go and the pace of change is very slow. When you consider that women were not allowed to work until 1977 without the husband’s permission, and that marital rape became a criminal offense only in 1997, against the votes of some still serving MPs, all this happens very slowly. . The judiciary is also required to do more and exhaust the sentence in full.
Don’t be afraid to seek professional help for support in coming out of the violence. The following contacts are at your disposal:
- Emergency call to the police under 110
- In the Helpline “Violence against women” Can you under Phone number 08000116016 365 days a year anytime free anonymous advice. With the help of interpreters, advice can be given in several languages.
- Telephone counseling all the time 0800 111 0111 or 0800 111 0222
The following applies: “Everyone has the right to life and physical integrity. Human liberty is inviolable.” (Article 2 of the Basic Law)