Power outages are considered unlikely in Germany. However, disasters often come unexpectedly. Floods, viral epidemics and forest fires paralyze entire regions. But also regional torrential rains, a severe storm, which leads to a power outage or a house fire can spell personal disaster for everyone.
Then the citizens are forced to flee or are forced to stay in their homes. Such emergencies can quickly become overwhelming. Then a certain amount of preparation provides at least basic protection and guarantees survival. Above all, creating emergency supplies can come in handy in the event of a disaster.
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Blackout: What should be in the house in the event of a power outage?
The federal government is also calling for it. “If the power has been out for a longer period of time or daily life is otherwise restricted, it certainly makes sense to have an emergency supply at home,” Nancy Visser (SPD) said in an interview. The Federal Minister of the Interior recommends a checklist from the Federal Office for Civil Protection and Disaster Assistance (BBK).
“Your goal should be to be able to survive ten days without shopping,” says the authority’s guide to emergency preparedness and correct action in an emergency. You can make the checklist yourself over here Download. The basics at a glance:
Power Outage: This is what you need for days without electricity
for one Power outages and gas outages To prepare, the Civil Protection Authority recommends having the following items ready in your home or apartment:
- tea lights
- spare batteries
- Camping stove or fueled spirit stove
- heating facility
BBK also recommends one Battery operated radio Including spare batteries or crank radio. In this way, you can get to know the status of the news even when the power, the Internet and the TV are out.
>> IfSee also: Top facts about blackouts
Store: food and drink for ten days
a Example of a basic ten day supply of groceries According to BBK, to a human this could look like:
- Drinks: 2 liters per day total 20 liters
- Cereals and cereal products, bread, potatoes, pasta and rice: 3.5 kilos
- Vegetables and legumes: 4 kg
- Fruit and nuts: 2.5 kilos
- Milk and dairy products: 2.6 kilos
- Fish, meat, eggs or whole egg powder: 1.5 kilos
- Fatty oils: 0.375 kilos
An example emergency supply corresponds to about 2,200 calories per day. According to BBK, it usually covers a person’s total energy requirements. Citizens should also consider personal preferences, dietary requirements, and allergies when planning.
Hygiene materials: what is needed for hygiene?
on me hygiene items BBK recommends that citizens have a basic stock of the following products. They ensure minimal hygiene within your four walls.
- Laundry detergent
- Toothbrush toothpaste
- Disposable crockery and cutlery
- kitchen paper
- toilet paper
- Garbage bag
- Camping toilet including spare bag
- household glove
- Surface disinfectant
- Flatter – deceive
Medical Chest: What you need for first aid
to her medicine cabinet These products should, according to BBK, be included in order to prepare for medical emergencies at home.
- DIN first aid kit
- Medicines prescribed by the doctor
- Skin cleanser
- Wound disinfectant
- Means against cold diseases
- medical thermometer
- Antidiarrheal treatments
- Insect bite ointment and sunburn ointment
- splinter tweezers;
Fire safety: what you must have against fire in the house
BBK recommends the use of this equipment in order to be able to respond in the event of a fire, such as a house fire.
- Fire extinguisher
- extinguishing spray
- smoke detector
- Garden hose or car wash hose
- Fire water container
- a bucket of water
- Bucket syringe or adjustable syringe
Emergency baggage: Equipment ready in case of disaster
In the event of a fire, you must quickly leave your home or apartment. Even if you evacuate the security forces due to a gas leak or a flood, there is not enough time to pack your things. Therefore BBK recommends keeping emergency luggage with the following clothing and equipment on hand.
- personal medications
- Temporary protective clothing
- Blanket, sleeping bag
- Underwear and socks
- Rubber boots, sturdy shoes
- Crockery, cutlery, thermos, mug
- Wound care materials
- Can opener and pocket knife
- Sturdy and warm clothes
- helmet, protective helmet
- Protective mask, temporary respiratory protection
- work gloves
- Camera or camera phone
BBK also advises putting your most important documents, such as passports, contracts and certificates, together in a file in case of an emergency. If you have to flee in the event of a flood or fire, for example, you will often have little time to gather essential documents and take them with you. Therefore, make a list of absolutely necessary documents. Arrange the documents appropriately and, if necessary, make certified copies.
Emergency supplies also play a civil defense role by the federal government. The importance of this was emphasized by Interior Minister Nancy Weiser in an interview with the Handelsblatt newspaper: “We have to keep up with the times here in order to deal with various crises – epidemics, the consequences of climate change, the threat of war.”
Necessary preventive measures must be checked. And this affects not only technical matters, “it also affects food supplies, medicines or medical supplies.”
more: No bread, people in emergency shelters, clinics overburdened – what happens when the natural gas runs out
This article was originally published on May 2, 2022. The article has been double checked and updated with minor modifications.