It definitely makes sense to have emergency supplies at home 😀Federal Interior Minister Nancy Visser (SPD) gave this recommendation to the German population on Sunday against the backdrop of the Ukrainian war. However, federal and state authorities advise the private sector to prepare for emergencies for a long time – regardless of the current crisis situation.
The list of reasons why stockpiling emergency supplies is generally advisable: if you have to go into isolation due to corona infection, if you have to stay in bed for several days due to acute illness, to disaster scenarios such as a longer power outage or a choke on the water supply drinking.
A supply for at least three, better for ten days
The Bavarian State Ministry for Food, Agriculture and Forestry recommends storing food privately for at least three days, but a ten-day supply would be ideal. Moreover Federal Office for Civil Protection and Disaster Assistance (BBK) It is recommended to eat and drink at home for ten days. According to the authorities, the period should be sufficient to get through difficult situations until state aid arrives or emergencies are overcome.
Emergency supplies for the home
An adequate supply of beverages is very important, because a human being can live for three weeks without food, but only four days without liquids. Although it is rare for tap water to malfunction, according to the Federal Office of Civil Protection and Disaster Assistance website, it is essential to survival when in doubt. The basic rules for the salad are two liters of liquid and 2,200 calories of food per person per day.
You can see what that means concretely for your family supply calculator They can be calculated individually on the website of the Federal Ministry of Nutrition. There is also a separate table for vegetarians. suitable tips It can also be found on the website of the Bavarian State Ministry of Nutrition.
“Clever Fund”: one-person, three-day stock recommendation
According to the motto “He who is skillful, beware!” He summed up his stock recommendation in a “smart fund”. This box, which should suffice for one person and three days, contains: six liters of water, a package of oatmeal or muesli, a liter of sterilized milk, 750 grams of bread, 450 grams of fat, 400 grams of fruit, a package of biscuits sweet or savory, 300 grams of nuts or dried fruits, 100 grams of butter or margarine and 1200 grams of vegetables (peeled or raw). The fact that these recommendations don’t include any food to cook (such as pasta or potatoes) is intentional: that way you can eat a reasonably balanced diet even without electricity.
Don’t buy everything at once
The Federal Office of Civil Protection recommends building emergency stocks piece by piece. For example, buying an additional package of products with a longer shelf life and replenishing stock before opening the last package. If you take advantage of special offers, you can also save money.
This is indicated by the Bavarian State Ministry of Nutrition. Of course, supplies should be checked regularly to ensure they are still edible. A “living supply” strategy helps here, BBK writes: to incorporate supplies into daily food consumption so that they are consumed and replenished again and again.
Emergency supplies are not like “hamsters”
The Federal Office of Civil Protection and Disaster Assistance explicitly points out the difference between buying a hamster and creating emergency supplies. Those who hoard, impulsively and with a little thought, hoard food and other items that may seem scarce. It is different with emergency supplies: here, when the times are safe, the essentials are bought in a very targeted way, for example to be able to bridge ten days without any problems.
Also think about medicines and documents
In addition to emergency supplies, every household should have a well-stocked medicine chest. Checklists of medications, dressings or aids On the website of Stiftung Warentest and many health insurance companies.
It is also advisable to keep all important documents in a briefcase, briefcase or backpack close at hand. on me Website of the Federal Office for Civil Protection There are recommendations as to which should be originals (such as family certificates) and which should be certified copies or plain copies (such as ID cards and driver’s licenses).
Don’t forget emergency preparedness for pets
Last but not least, think about everything necessary for dogs, cats, and their partners, such as food, litter, and medication. Because in the event of a supply crisis, the state is responsible for the basic food supply of the population on the basis of the Food Security and Prevention Act. However, pets are not taken into account. So the owners are required to be sufficiently prepared for the worst case scenario.