“Renningen is in the middle of this culture’s distribution area,” said Schmitt. In the latest excavations, as in the previous excavations, the team of archaeologists discovered 90 more silos used to store supplies, as well as “blocks of pottery,” according to Schmidt. It showed parts of the “fire chicken”, on which a pot was placed on the fire. Large stockpots with elaborate motifs have likely come before. He also introduced metallic objects such as brooches and decorative fragments from 900 BC onwards.
It is traded nationwide
Of particular interest to scientists are the traces of pillars in the ground, from which the dwellings of the Celts can be deduced. “The number of settlements that actually existed here over the centuries will only be assessed later in the scientific study,” explained Sascha Schmidt. The most valuable piece that the excavators found was an inconspicuous looking stone with a piece of metal attached to one end. It is the weight of a pre-Roman scale, with which even small quantities such as spices or precious metals could be weighed exactly. Such a find is rare and means that supra-regional trade took place here.
The findings at Renningen, the scientist said, are evidence of important Celtic settlements of extraordinary finds and importance outside the region on flat Earth. Two periods of settlement stand out: the Early Celtic Period of the 8th to 4th centuries BC, with its notable finds of iron bars and ploughshare and weight, and the Late Celtic Period of the 2nd–1st centuries BC with its notable finds of wood.
An open, unfortified settlement of about 17 to 19 buildings dates from the late La Tène period, which corresponds to five farms of 20 to 30 people each. “But we didn’t reach the end of the settlement during any of the excavations,” Schmidt explained. Assuming it expanded a bit, one could assume that there were 300 to 500 people there. It is not yet a city, but a large settlement.