In addition to David Bergens from Pix Software, speakers included Matthias Engel, Head of the Fire and System Department and Head of the Mönchengladbach City Crisis Management Team, and Tobias Popp, Research Associate at Rhein-Waal University. The aim of the event was to bring together companies and other stakeholders from agricultural business In the Lower Rhine Risks that last longer and maybe too Widespread power outages To raise awareness and possibilities To show how to prepare for such situations.
Bergens explained why at the outset risk For power outages in the past few weeks and months rose he is. For a stable power grid, power supply and demand must remain balanced. One lack of gas It can lead to a rapid increase in the demand for electricity to generate heat, since the majority of the population is heated by gas. In addition, it cannot be ruled out that the electricity supply or electricity infrastructure will change unexpectedly extreme weather events or attacks intrusion from the outside. Thus the risk of power outages is higher than normal, especially in the upcoming winter months. His description of the consequences of prolonged and widespread blackouts illustrated the extent to which the civilian population and the economy depended on electricity. “Electricity is the most perishable commodity,” says Bergens. Not only is there no light without electricity. Mobile networks, trains, subways and trams, as well as gas stations, are out of order. Moreover water supplies break in
The lack of traffic lights increases the risk Traffic Accidents fast. If the power outage lasts more than a day, the sewer systems no longer function. Due to the breakdown of gas stations, the rest of the traffic stopped, and the first citizens realize that trash disposal did not happen. Bergens worries that many will feel a false sense of security: “Even emergency power generators are usually not designed to run for several hours or days. Most devices require maintenance after a few hours, which requires cooling the unit first.” emergency generators To be able to produce enough electricity in the event of a power outage. Bergens explained that photovoltaic and biogas systems also need electricity to be able to generate their own energy. If you do not test the emergency power generator regularly, you risk that the equipment will not work in emergency situations, will not be sufficient for your needs, or will stop after a few hours due to lack of maintenance, insufficient diesel supply or overload. Devices are often for one person only runtime From three hours Designer.
Matthias Engel advised from Mönchengladbach Prevent: “Make sure you can go a few days without shopping – water, groceries, toiletries, essential medicines. Companies should also talk to their employees about the topic, educate them and make plans together on how to complete important tasks in the company without electricity agricultural business Important because it also relates to living organisms and perishable commodities that make an important contribution to Supply security borne by the population. In addition, Engel reported on the so-called “beacons” that cities and municipalities are currently setting up for such emergencies. In Mönchengladbach there will be 26 of these in the event of a power shortage. If all other electricity-based communication options in the city collapsed, residents here would be able to make emergency calls, for example. In addition, there should be the possibility to charge batteries or prepare baby food in the later stages of expansion. “It should be clear to everyone that relying on outside help in a situation like this is the worst strategy. Our job is to help where life is threatened, for example in medical emergencies, in the event of a fire and in private facilities that are used to protect lives.” life support “Life is very necessary,” said the department head and Mönchengladbach city deputy.
Tobias Pope, who, in addition to his work at the Rhein-Waal University of Applied Sciences, is also connected to the subject in his job as director of the volunteer fire brigade black out And the Crisis preparedness He began his lecture with an appeal of his own Prevent – By families and private companies – The most important measure To delay the outbreak of panic and chaos as much as possible in the event of a prolonged power outage. show up Practical steps, which can help companies better prepare. First of all, this involves analyzing when, why and how much electricity is actually needed. “Necessary sensor technology is not very expensive and can help save costs in the long run by eliminating unnecessary stuff Energy consumers have been identified will. In addition, the analysis can be used to learn what is necessary in the event of a power outage in terms of critical infrastructure and must be provided by emergency generators. In this way, machines can be purchased according to the performance required and there is no risk that it will not be discovered until crisis strikes that the machine available is insufficient or even fails,” explained Bob. He knows from experience that many ignore the fact that the PTO shaft driven unit of the tractor is not suitable To power devices with electronics.The reason for this is the unstable speed which results in frequency oscillation which destroys sensitive electronics.This can be used to power pumps, but these emergency power generators are not suitable for supplying milking systems or feeding technology,” he added. In addition, it goes to teams L gas (low calorie) f H gas. (high calories) a. Other regions in the NRW and Lower Saxony have not yet converted from L-gas to H. Gas storage facilities in Germany store 90% of hydrogen gas and only 10% of natural gas, so there is a higher risk of an L-gas shortage.
in Subsequent discussionwhere the questions of the participants were also answered, the speakers went to the fact that supply chains In the worst case, it stops working not only for the time frame of the blackout, but also for weeks or months afterward. Delivery bottlenecks It can lead to undersupply. “Anyone who is urgently dependent on certain products or medications should carefully examine whether and how they can be stored for several weeks,” says Pope. “Given inflation, inventories right now aren’t the worst strategy, even from a financial point of view,” Bergens points out. It was also discussed whether, for example, and how the company’s activities could be maintained The emergency power premises are self-containede established for the part of the workforce that organizes child care or emergency supplies It is created and guaranteed for employees.
Tips On readiness and the questions companies should ask themselves in preparation for the outage:
Ø What are my strength requirements? Why? when? how much?
Ø What power consumers can I do without in the event of a power outage and which urgently need emergency power supply?
Ø Are there uncontrolled energy consumers, eg the less relevant instantaneous water heaters that start regularly and unnecessarily load an emergency power supply?
Ø Does the emergency power supply match the required power and type of power consumers (electronic devices are not compatible with PTO powered units)?
Ø How long can I guarantee the supply of my emergency generators? Do aggregates need to be serviced? If so, do I have enough diesel (or service oil) on hand to run them for days or even weeks?
Ø Does the planned emergency power supply actually work? Take regular tests!
Ø What external products and services do I rely on most urgently (eg diesel, animal feed, milk tankers, etc.)? If necessary, talk to suppliers or store!
Ø Who in the company knows about the emergency plan and emergency power supply? Can this person be contacted without any means of communication or transportation, or is he on the site?
Ø Do I have the option of having electric generators such as photovoltaic systems or biogas systems, which initially also stop generating power in the event of a power outage, using start-up assistance until they can generate power again?
Ø Can I set up a self-sustaining emergency supply for critical infrastructure with neighbors? If necessary, hold talks and create joint plans.
Ø Refuel vehicles (whether private vehicles or company cars) regularly so that they can be in motion for as long as possible in the event of a power outage!
Ø Can I access important data even in the event of a power outage (keywords cloud vs. on-premises data storage solutions)?
Ø Keep important numbers, contacts or information on paper!
Ø Always charge the batteries to save power as long as possible in the event of a power outage!
Ø Create emergency reserves as recommended by the Federal Office for Civil Protection and Disaster Assistance (BBK)!
Ø Purchase of a crank radio and tuning in to local radio stations in the event of a power outage (Agrobusiness Niederrhein)