(CNN) – Rainbow auroras, giant storms and distant galaxies appear in the latest images of Jupiter from NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope.
“We didn’t really expect it to be this good, frankly,” said planetary astronomer Emke de Pater, professor emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley, in a press release.
De Pater and Thierry Foucher, a professor at the Paris Observatory, have made observations of the largest planet in our solar system with the Webb Telescope, itself an international effort by NASA with the European Space Agency and the Canadian Space Agency. NASA.
Drawing an image ranging from orange and yellow at Jupiter’s poles to blue and purple toward the center, multiple telescope images came together to form an overall composition and gave Earth a look at the gas giant.
You can also see faint rings and distant galaxies “invading the image” in the background, according to NASA.
Jupiter’s famous Great Red Spot, a storm large enough to swallow Earth, appears white in these images.
“It’s possible that the bright white ‘dots’ and ‘stripes’ are high-altitude cloud tops from intense convective storms,” said Heidi Hamill, a multidisciplinary web scientist for solar system observations and vice president of science at the Consortium of Universities for Research in Astronomy.
Scientists have teamed up with citizen scientist Judy Schmidt to translate the data to form the telescope’s composite images, which help give a better view of life on Jupiter, NASA said.
Schmidt, who lives in Modesto, California, said it’s hard to translate Jupiter into pictures because of its fast rotation.
“This image summarizes the science of our Jupiter system software, which studies the dynamics and chemistry of Jupiter itself, its rings, and its satellite system,” Foucher said.
But Jupiter isn’t the only Web topic. A space telescope uses infrared light to reveal invisible aspects of the universe.
Development of the world’s leading space observatory began in 2004, and after years of delays, the telescope and its massive golden mirror were finally launched on December 25, 2021.
The telescope will monitor every stage of cosmic history, including the first auroras after the Big Bang that created our universe and the formation of the galaxies, stars and planets that inhabit it today.
The telescope also detects and observes exoplanet systems, each consisting of a planet outside our solar system and its host star.
Some of these exoplanets are potentially habitable, and observations of their atmospheres could reveal clues in the ongoing search for extraterrestrial life.
CNN’s Ashley Strickland and Megan Marplus contributed to this report.