(CNN Spanish) – Through a decree published on Tuesday in the Official Gazette, the President of Nicaragua, Daniel Ortega, authorized the entry into the national territory of ships, aircraft and military personnel from Central America, the United States, Venezuela, Cuba, Mexico and Russia. “To share mutually beneficial humanitarian assistance in emergency situations.” Likewise, the decree also allows the departure of Nicaraguan troops, ships and aircraft from the country for Russia, during the second half of the year.
According to the decree, the government also approves the entry into the national territory of military personnel, ships and aircraft of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation “to conduct the exchange of experience, training and operations against illegal activities in the maritime domains of the Caribbean. Sea and territorial waters of the Pacific Ocean of Nicaragua, with the Naval Force of the Army Nicaragua” from 1 July to 31 December 2022.
On Thursday, Russian state television reported the announcement by the Nicaraguan government, and a broadcaster highlighted that President Daniel Ortega had authorized the Russian armed forces to enter the Central American country in the second half of 2022.
The decree in its various articles describes the type of authorization that extends to different countries, in all cases between July 1 and December 31 this year. In the case of the United States, the rule states that it will be a coordinated entry with the Nicaraguan Army to carry out humanitarian aid operations and search and rescue and rescue missions in case of emergency or natural disaster. In the case of Russian military forces, entry permit includes the same purposes as the U.S. military’s humanitarian assistance, but adds multiple layers of cooperation, such as exercises, “experience sharing,” “anti-illegal navy” operations in the Caribbean, countering drug trafficking and transnational organized crime. National Security Training.
The decree stipulates that 230 Russian soldiers and military equipment will enter Nicaragua on a rotational basis in the second half of this year. It sets lower figures for the Venezuelan military and Cuba.
The decree published in the newspaper La Gasita provides for the periodic departure of 50 Nicaraguan military personnel, ships and aircraft to the Russian Federation with the aim of “participating in reciprocal exercises, military instructions and training in humanitarian aid operations”.
The presidential decree will be submitted to the National Assembly in the coming days for ratification.
In February, Ortega expressed support for his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin, when he recognized the independence of the breakaway self-proclaimed republics of Donetsk and Luhansk, both in eastern Ukraine, a fact deemed “deeply troubling” by the United States.
In addition, Managua voted against Russia’s expulsion from the UN Human Rights Council, a measure the council took after noting the atrocities committed by Kremlin forces in Ukraine. Finally, in March, Nicaragua abstained from voting on a UN resolution condemning and calling for an end to Russian interference in Ukraine.