From Alberto Fernandez to Biden: “Being a host does not give you the power to enforce consent” | international

The Summit of the Americas cannot go ahead and forget the guest list controversy. In the first plenary session, despite the fact that the President of the United States, Joe Biden, displayed a phase of cooperation far from the assumptions of his predecessor, Donald Trump, he was faced with frank criticism from the President of Argentina, Alberto. Fernandez, the other major figure on day one: “Being the host doesn’t give you the ability to enforce the right of admission,” shouted Biden, seated a few feet away, from the podium.

Fernandez’s intervention was highly critical of the US role in the region’s politics. In the fastest, that is, the summit, the President of Argentina insisted from the beginning of his speech. “I’m sorry it wasn’t everyone we should have been in” almost his first words. He was referring to the veto imposed by Washington on the existence of the governments of Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela because they are undemocratic regimes. This veto resulted in the absence of the presidents of Mexico, Bolivia, and Honduras, and the criticism of many others. The President of Venezuela, Nicolas Maduro, asked Fernandez to bring the voice of Venezuela to the top.

After his harsh criticism of the sanctions imposed on Cuba and Venezuela, the Argentine president returned to the fray: “Certainly, we wanted another Summit of the Americas. The silence of the absent challenges us. So that this does not happen again, I would like to make it clear to the future that the fact that you are the host country of the Summit does not give the ability to impose “The right of acceptance” is on the member states of the continent. Dialogue in diversity is the best way to promote democracy, modernization and combat inequality.

Fernandez asked the Biden government to “open up in a brotherly manner” after the “very harmful policy of Donald Trump” for the region. It is time to change these policies and repair the damage.”

The Argentine president has made a revision of the entire US policy towards Latin America. He has said that the OAS was used as a “gendarme that facilitated a coup in Bolivia,” and that the United States “appropriated” the direction of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), historically in Latin American hands. He accused Trump of obstructing the rapprochement with Cuba, interfering with the International Monetary Fund to facilitate the unsustainable debts of the Macri government and trying to prevent him from winning the elections: “The entire Argentine people are suffering today because of such an obscenity.” He demanded the reform of the Organization of American States, the dismissal of its directors (its General Secretary Luis Almagro) and also the return of the capital of the Islamic Development Bank and its return to the hands of Latin America.

Criticized for his tepid response to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and his questioning of sanctions, Fernandez said it was “urgent to build negotiating scenarios that put an end to the catastrophe of war, without humiliation or desire for hegemony, without geopolitics or inhumane privileges of violence.” He did not utter words explicitly denouncing the invasion. He had already proposed taxing “the windfall income given by the war as a gift to the big food and oil and arms companies”.

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Later, but referring to his diplomatic claim over the Falkland Islands, he said Argentina was a peaceful country: “After the tragedy of the pandemic, we see wars as a victory for human insensitivity,” he said.

“President Biden, I’m here trying to build bridges and tear down walls,” he declared at the end of his speech, in which he invited Biden to the upcoming summit of the Latin American and Caribbean Community, the Community of Latin American and Caribbean Nations, in which he is participating. president. the shift.

Biden sees agreement on basics

President Biden preferred to see the glass half full: “Despite some disagreements over participation, on substantive issues, what I heard was an almost unified response,” he said, referring to the range of interventions and core issues related to immigration, the environment, finance and recovery.

Earlier, in his opening address to the plenary, Biden emphasized that his proposals for the region precede Trump’s by light years. The President of the United States is offering economic, trade, food, health and environmental cooperation, as a way to promote development and also to deal with the migration crisis, for which he will ask for joint responsibility on Friday in an announcement.

“We have the opportunity to find ways to do what is best for all our employees, working together. Together, together. This is what our people expect of us. It is our duty to show them the power of democracies to comply when democracies work together,” he said, reiterating the call for unity of the day The former, at the opening ceremony, but again made clear that it is a unity of democracies.

Biden referred to the Declaration on Immigration and Protection signed Friday, stressing that its goal is to “increase opportunities for safe and orderly immigration, take action against criminals and human traffickers who prey on desperate people, and coordinate specific concrete actions to secure borders and resolve common challenges.”

“There is no reason why the Western Hemisphere cannot be the most advanced, democratic, prosperous, most peaceful and secure region in the world. We have unlimited potential. We have enormous resources and a democratic spirit,” he concluded. “No matter what has happened in the world, the Americas has always been a priority for to the United States.”

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