Biden and Bolsonaro meet at the Summit of the Americas – USA – International

On Thursday, Joe Biden held his first meeting as president with his Brazilian counterpart, Jair BolsonaroOn the occasion of the Summit of the Americas, on the day I announce one of the issues on which they disagree: global warming.

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This is the first meeting between the two leaders, who have shown a clear distance: Bolsonaro is a huge fan of Trump and Biden has repeatedly criticized his counterpart’s policy. About amazon

Biden told Bolsonaro that the rest of the world “should be able to help ‘Brazil’ preserve as much as it can” of the Amazon.

Biden spoke this way at the beginning of a bilateral meeting with Bolsonaro, their first, in the framework of the Ninth Summit of the Americas, in Los Angeles.

However, the US president acknowledged that Brazil had made “real sacrifices” when it came to protecting the largest tropical forest on the planet, in the context of criticism from the international community of record rates of deforestation in the Amazon region.

“I think the rest of the world should be able to help them protect[the Amazon]as much as they can,” Biden stated. Bolsonaro, for his part, stressed that Brazil “conserves its territory very well” and that he “sometimes” feels that Brazil’s sovereignty over its part of the Amazon is “threatened”, referring to criticism from other countries and organizations.

Since he was a presidential candidate, Bolsonaro has advocated the exploitation of the Amazon’s natural resources, including indigenous reserves, and since coming to power in January 2019 has loosened control over activities that attack the environment, such as mining. and the timber trade, which is mostly practiced illegally in that region.

The relationship between Biden and Bolsonaro was distant even before they coincided in power, and the White House announced before the meeting that the US president plans to put the Amazon issue on the table and the need to hold the Brazilian elections in October “for free.”

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During the meeting, Biden nonetheless tried to bring the positions closer and described Brazil as “A wonderful place with great people” He states that he has visited the country three times, including the FIFA World Cup. Part of what makes this country great is its “vibrant and inclusive democracy and strong electoral institutions,” he added, at a time of tension over Bolsonaro’s stance on the October elections.

The far-right leader’s constant references to the electoral process and the “armed people” have raised concerns in the opposition, and even in some establishments, that in the event of defeat in October, the governor will encourage a backlash from his followers.

Moreover, the far-right’s political base is largely made up of the military and police, all of which has led many analysts to predict that the 2022 election campaign could be marred by violence.

Jair Bolsonaro has been the President of Brazil since January 1, 2019.

climate crisis

Kamala Harris

Kamala Harris, Vice President of the United States, during the Summit of the Americas.

picture:

EFE / EPA / DAVID SWANSON / POOL

The truth is that climate is a central issue on Biden’s agenda.

On Thursday, its vice president, Kamala Harris, will launch the US-Caribbean Partnership to Address the Climate Crisis (PACC 2030), in a region vulnerable to rising sea levels due to global warming, a US government official said.

The United States will also “support” Brazil, Colombia and Peru through an initiative called “Amazonia Connect.”launched at the climate summit in Glasgow,
in the UK.

Latin America and the Caribbean, a region with enormous natural resources, has suffered from the effects of global warming, which is also detrimental to its economic activities.

The United States expects to include five other members (Barbados, Jamaica, Guyana, Brazil and Argentina) in an initiative called Renewable Energies for Latin America and the Caribbean (RELAC, in English), which already includes 15 other countries.

The Ninth Summit of the Americas is affected by the absence of several presidents among them Mexican Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, is unhappy with Washington’s decision to exclude the governments of Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela, which he considers a dictatorship.

The president sent his Secretary of State, Marcelo Ebrard, who, upon arrival, called the exclusion a “strategic mistake” and called for the “re-establishment of the American common order.”

“It is clear that the OAS and its modus operandi have been exhausted,” he stated, about the Organization of American States (OAS).

The United States must tread carefully so as not to lose influence in a region where China is gaining ground and becoming the first or second trading partner of many countries.

Specifically, the Summit of the Americas should strengthen its relationship with Latin American countries against Beijing.

According to the Council on Foreign Relations, Chinese President Xi Jinping has visited the region 11 times since taking office in 2013, and Joe Biden has not visited the region since January 2021.

international writing
* With information from Agence France-Presse.

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