Manuel Mozuta Nunez.
The Dizziness reason Frequently Asked Questions, In both primary care and the emergency department, and while it’s not often serious, “it is very broken And it can significantly reduce the quality of life of the person who suffers from it”, noted the Chair of the Otolaryngology Working Group of the Spanish Society of General Practitioners and Family Physicians (SEMG), on the occasion of the celebration of the National Congress from 7 to 11 June in Bilbao.
The 28th National Congress of General and Family Medicine included in its scientific program a Modernization subordinate The most common diseases and illnessesAs with vertigo, the incidence of which increases between the elderly“But it can affect women and men of any age, even children,” says Manuel Mozuta Nunez.
Listed Differences between peripheral and central vertigo. Peripheral vertigo occurs as a result of a change in the structures of the inner ear that control balance, which is svestibular apparatus or vestibular nerve that relate to the brain. It is the most common type, and includes between 85 to 90 percent of cases Vertigo is characterized by a sudden onset and symptoms are usually severe and increase with head movement or change of position. The Most frequent clinic There will be nystagmus, dizziness, sweating, nausea, vomiting, tachycardia, loss of balance and sometimes tinnitus.
On the other hand, central vertigo may be caused by a change in the brain, so it is not related to head movements or changes in posture. Its symptoms are usually less severe and appear and develop gradually. In the same way, Mozota remembers that it can be accompanied by Neurological symptoms Such as double vision, ataxia, facial paralysis and dysarthria, among others.
The prevalence and occurrence of vertigo
According to Mozuta, knowing who has vertigo is “complicated.” The results of a study published in the journal Internal Medicine Archives It reports that dizziness and lightheadedness are common in the population, with a prevalence of 23 percent and an approximate incidence of 3 percent. The most common diagnoses were paroxysmal positional vertigo Benign migraine (28.2 per cent) and vestibular migraine (28.2 per cent), followed by Ménière’s disease (13.8 per cent), vascular disorders (5.7 per cent), chronic autoimmune dizziness (4.6 per cent) and vestibular neuritis (4. percent).
In general, “most problems affecting the vestibular apparatus tend to have a The cause is benign and develops positively, Although during the acute phase of episodes, and depending on the type of vertigo, there are medications that can help relieve symptoms,” the SEMG expert says.
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