Some medical specialties and their impact on well-being

To graduate in medicine in Colombia, students study an average of twelve to thirteen semesters. Also, some medical specialties have a prerequisite, for example, a neonatologist (specializing in newborns and premature babies) must be a pediatrician. The same thing happens with a rheumatologist, who was previously certified by internal medicine; That is why we are talking about the first and second disciplines. Such examples, and many others.

Emergency Medicine

It works immediately against heart or stroke patients. It can respond to serious, difficult-to-diagnose conditions, such as pulmonary embolism, decompensation for diabetes or trauma, with timely hospital interventions that save lives or prevent consequences.

Blood diseases

It treats people with diseases related to the blood or the organs that produce it, including the bone marrow, lymph nodes, and spleen. Deals with hemorrhagic diseases such as hemophilia. Tumors such as leukemias, lymphomas, and myelomas, and also treat anemia and thrombosis, to name a few.


Analyzes and treats conditions related to exposure to toxic chemicals. It covers aspects of care and research, rehabilitation for damage caused, health promotion and disease prevention.

Urology surgery

Manages the urinary and reproductive systems of men and women. It includes the treatment of diseases of organs such as the bladder, kidneys, ureters, urethra, prostate, testicles, penis and vagina. This specialist is prepared to perform minimally invasive endoscopic procedures and major surgeries. It treats nephrolithiasis (kidney stones), urinary incontinence, performing prostate biopsies, and vasectomy, among others.


It is responsible for diagnosing and treating changes in hormonal balance and some forms of endocrine cancer. Adrenal gland problems and diseases. In the thyroid gland such as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. bone health care; Male and female sexual health.


It deals with disorders or diseases of the nervous system such as strokes, brain injuries, epilepsy, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, movement disorders, neuromuscular disorders, and others. These include seizures, problems with muscle coordination, or the effects of blows to the head. In this case, it is useful to differentiate between a neurologist and a neurosurgeon, as the latter acts on the brain to treat or resolve certain abnormal health conditions.

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