Is it possible to consume 50% less energy and not lose your health? The study that explains how

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Is it possible to reduce significantly Energy consumption in developed countries Without presumably creating poverty or destroying the well-being of its citizens?

The The UK’s Center for Energy Demand Solutions Research (CREDS) thinks so It published a report in which it developed several scenarios in which the country, one of the strongest economies in the world, could Reduce your carbon emissions way more than great not only harm, but even Improve your wellness system.

The investigations, in which more than 140 researchers from 24 universities in the country are participating, are starting from the ground up The country’s ambitious climate goals cannot be achieved with current approaches. The UK aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 78% from 1990 levels by 2035 and net zero emissions by 2050.

However, they consider that the policies being proposed pass through a Completely inefficient growth of the energy system Almost quadrupled, and the costly use of carbon dioxide capture technologies.

The report notes that the benefits Lower energy demand includes better air qualityWarm homes, healthy diets and increased exercise opportunities. The cutsAs the researchers point out Possible in all sectors They are particularly useful in “hard-to-mitigate” sectors such as steel production, aviation, and agriculture.

As mentioned , ” The answer is different for every energy service It should include strategies to protect and improve quality of life while reducing energy services, as well as traditional energy efficiency policy areas.”

The report is based on Four possible scenarios. In two of them, demand as a factor is ignored or existing standards are maintained. The third and fourth are what we care about and pass through Changing the type of energy demand With current technologies and social frameworks and the other by a Transformative change.

The analysis includes attention to areas in which the current focus of the energy transition is focused, such as digitalization, the circular economy, work automation, environmental protection, or a globalized economy.

But concrete changes land in unknown sectors: transport, food system, housing, materials and production. The More ambitious measures include halting construction of new roads and airport capacityStandardization and reuse of paths for public, active and shared mobility.

New and well-known procedures

In some cases it is as easy as Expand something that already exists in many cities Measures: integrated public transport (network, timetable, ticket), substitution of private transport by public transport and the fact that cars are used by one person becomes “socially unacceptable”.

Another proposed measure that is already being discussed in the European Union (EU) in the face of the energy crisis due to the war in Ukraine is the four-day working week, which is in case United kingdom, CREDS calculates that it will result in a file 10% off travel per person by 2030.

The Diet recommendations It won’t sound too relaxing either: reduce your calorie intake to a few healthy levelsWhich maintains the daily rate at 2500 calories, according to the recommendations of health institutions Reduce annual waste food.

In the Air conditioning for buildingsit’s a proposal Increasing the number of clean, high-efficiency air and ground heat pumps. Hybrid systems forgo natural gas and instead rely on hydrogen or cleaner syngas. In addition, it is required to promote the reuse and adaptation of the existing housing stock, rather than new housing, without losing job opportunities in the sector.

The The combination of digitization and efficiency will seek to reduce the total number of electrical appliances per home, 20% in lighting and 10% in IT and consumer electronics, also due to saturation of demand, cloud computing, and increased engagement.

Finally, for industry, with the limited improvements in energy efficiency in the energy-intensive industrial processes available, reducing material consumption is essential through Introduction to Specific Resource Efficiency Strategy.

And they remember that in the case of commuting, the required reduction scale cannot be achieved with electric vehicles alone, but requires a Reduce the distance traveled By investing in active travel and not the further expansion of road networks.

One of the advantages advocated by the Change Demand Transformation Models Report is that it is implicit in their planning Cheaper. Energy prevents changes in energy demand or at levels reduced to Measures currently being implemented Requires large investments up to 70% higher To those calculated for less ambitious scenarios, which reduce energy consumption by only 31-41% compared to today. They argue that plans to reach net zero emissions by 2050 will be between £95 billion and £170 billion/year in 2050.

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