(CNN Spanish) – The Summit of the Americas begins on Monday with the expected absence of at least seven presidents from the continent, including Andres Lopez Obrador, of Mexico, who made a warning he has repeated on multiple occasions in recent weeks: if he is not invited .. to all countries of the continent.
“I will not go to the summit because not all the countries of the Americas have been invited and I believe the need to change the policy that has been imposed for centuries. Exclusion, desire to dominate without reason, disrespect for the sovereignty of states ‘independence of every country’,” the president said, announcing that he would be represented by Foreign Minister Marcelo Ebrard.
The debate centers on the exclusion of Venezuela, Nicaragua and Cuba from the ninth Los Angeles Summit of the Americas and the second in the United States since the leaders’ meeting began in the 1990s.
The United States confirms its refusal
US officials have repeatedly said that the authoritarian governments of Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela will not be invited to the summit due to their anti-human rights record.
The issue even reached the Senate, where the summit’s coordinator, Kevin O’Reilly, confirmed days ago that Nicolas Maduro would not be invited. “No, we don’t recognize them as a legitimate government,” he said in response to a question from a Republican.
So far, however, the Biden administration has refused to provide an official list of invitations while it has been scrambling to try to resolve the threats. This Monday the confirmation was official.
“The United States still maintains reservations about the lack of democratic space and the human rights situation in Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela. As a result, Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela will not be invited to this summit,” a senior official said. of the administration in a statement to CNN, noting that the country has “broad discretion over invitations” as host.
The official also noted that “non-governmental representatives from Cuba, Venezuela and Nicaragua are registered to participate in the three stakeholder forums.”
Reject Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela
The President of Cuba, Miguel Diaz-Canel, had already confirmed that he would not participate, in a message in which he also highlighted the efforts of some regional presidents who “raised their voices against exclusion”, including Lopez Obrador, that all would be invited.
“It is well known that the US government thought from the start that the Summit of the Americas would not be inclusive. Diaz-Canel said he had intended to exclude several countries, including Cuba, despite strong regional demands for an end to exceptions.
Maduro’s message that he will not be there was through a similar channel. “We have a clear path in Venezuela: unity, inclusion, diversity, democracy and the right to build our own destiny. We reject allegations of exclusion and discrimination against peoples at the Summit of the Americas,” he wrote on Twitter.
Another person who confirmed that he would not participate from the moment he started talking about a possible exclusion is Daniel Ortega of Nicaragua. In a speech in which he stressed that he was not interested in the summit, he said, “That summit does not glorify anyone.. That summit is filthy and muddy.”
What other countries will not participate in the Summit of the Americas?
The President of Bolivia, Luis Arce, was among those who confirmed that he would not participate after the United States refused to invite Cuba, Venezuela and Nicaragua.
Chiomara Castro of Honduras took a similar position, requiring her participation by universal invitation. On June 28, he wrote on Twitter, “I will not attend the summit unless all the countries of the Americas are invited without exception. The best study for an American is America.”
Guatemalan Alejandro Giamatti also confirmed that he would not be there.
In this case, likewise, there is another background: the confrontation between Guatemala and the United States over the re-election of Attorney General Consuelo Porras, which the Biden government strongly criticized.