Cuba Excluded from the Summit of the Americas: Could Spain be in America? | international

Miguel Diaz-Canel, President of Cuba, and Nicolas Maduro, President of Venezuela, in Havana, in May.Yamil Lage (AFP)

This Monday, the official Cuban newspaper asked, “Could it be Spain in America?” GranmaAs a result of the exclusion of Cuba, Venezuela and Nicaragua from the Summit of the Americas in Los Angeles and the invitation of the President of North America to a Spanish delegation. Although it is only an article and not an official statement, the questioning of the Cuban newspaper reflects the position of the Cuban government, which sees Washington’s volatility and reluctance to call as a sign of the tension of its historical enemy before the plan. from different countries in the region. For Havana, the varying degrees of criticism from a range of Latin American countries of America’s policy of exclusion – which finally caused Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador to not attend – shows the “expected failure” of the Ninth Summit of the Americas and represents a diplomatic triumph of their own.

Hours before the US announced its final decision not to allow Cuba to participate in the summit – it was known that Venezuela and Nicaragua would not be invited, but until the last minute Washington was toying with the possibility of an invitation being sent to a lower level. from Havana -, Granma He spoke of the “strange silence” of the armies. He stressed the paradox that Biden summoned Pedro Sanchez at full speed, explaining that the “Overseas call” was “focused on the issue of immigrants.”

The official apparatus of the Cuban Communist Party echoed press reports that “the US administration hopes that Spain will agree to double or triple the number of temporary workers from Central America”, later expressing its doubts because “the persuasion power of Biden can and participate in this matter a country that still leads The EU unemployment rate is 13.3%.” It was not a criticism of Spain, but a blow to Washington’s liver for the vacillating policy it pursued during the preparations for the summit that it perceived as an opportunity to gain weight in the region, which turned out to be the opposite. And in a certain way it undermined his leadership.

The Cuban authorities lived with unconvincing relief the criticisms of Washington and the concern of the Biden administration after its condemnation at the end of last April of excluding the United States from the preparations for the Ninth Summit of the Americas. Since then, the issue of the exclusion or inclusion of Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela has become a television series and diplomatic battle that has put the host on edge. The United States postponed until the last minute the decision of who to invite or not, in an effort to ensure the presence of Lopez Obrador until the last minute, which in the end did not materialize.

Ten days before the Western Hemisphere meeting organized by Washington, the Cuban capital hosted a presidential meeting of the ten countries that make up ALBA (Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of America). They were turned into spokespersons to make up for the countries that the United States had tried to exclude from the meeting because of their democratic deficits – Cuba, Venezuela and Nicaragua – they eventually ended up marking the secret meeting’s agenda, because over a month ago there was so little. He said about the contents that the Summit of the Americas intends to discuss. The question has been reduced roughly to whether it should be inclusive, accepting countries intolerant of the United States and considered dictatorships, or accepting exceptions as normal, as they have been hitherto.

The protest of many governments, including important allies of Washington, such as Mexico or Argentina, has become a nightmare for the United States, which on Monday – the same day the summit, which will run through Thursday – finally announced its decision officially. . The United States continues to have reservations about the lack of democratic spaces and the human rights situation in Cuba, Nicaragua, and Venezuela. Thus, these countries will not be invited to the summit,” said a US government official. The response of Havana, with the voice of Secretary of State, Bruno Rodriguez, was immediate: “President Miguel Diaz-Canel announced that he will not participate in the Los Angeles Summit. Cuba’s decision was resolute if not everyone received an invitation on an equal footing. This event is indeed a neoliberal failure and Monroe isolates and separates the United States from America. Pressure and blackmail are well known.”

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Soon after, the Cuban government issued an official statement accusing the United States of maintaining a “discriminatory and unacceptable” position, and denounced that Washington was abusing the “privilege conferred by its status as a host nation.” According to Havana, the exclusion is “anti-democratic and arbitrary,” and evidence that the United States has “conceived” and “used” this “high-level dialogue mechanism” as a tool of its hemisphere-dominant regime, denouncing and saying: “Imoral pressure, blackmail, threats and deceptive maneuvers.” Dirty” suffered by some countries in the region that refused exceptions. Havana thanked the offers of support that Cuba, Venezuela and Nicaragua received in recent days from the countries of the region, and considered that the United States “underestimated the support for Cuba in the region.” “We have full confidence that the leaders of the region who have decided to leave will know how to justify with dignity that the United States cannot treat our people the way it did in the twentieth century,” the statement added.

The series is not over yet. It will be necessary to find out who will finally attend the summit and what the tone of the presidents’ messages will be.

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