What did Gustavo Petro do when he was mayor of Bogota and how did it go

(CNN) – Before he became the standard for the left in Colombia and a steady candidate for the presidency—closer than ever, though a tough battle awaited him in the second round against Rodolfo Hernandez—Gustavo Petro served as mayor of Bogota, a position that propelled him onto the national scene amid controversies, lights and shadows. .

Pietro received just over 8,500,000 votes, or 40.32% of the total, in the first round of the presidential election—nearly twice as many as in the 2018 presidential election, and eight times more than in 2010. . But with no more than 50%, he will face Hernandez on June 19 in the second round.

But none of this would have been possible without Petro’s controversial tenure as mayor of Bogotá between 2012 and 2015, who, thanks to his successes and mistakes, made the candidate a benchmark on the left in Colombia and a frequent name among presidential candidates.

I trust Colombia’s will for change: a petro message when voting 2:32

Next, we take a look at Petro’s performance as mayor of the Colombian capital.

win the election

Prior to his arrival at the mayor’s office, Gustavo Pietro had already served as representative and then senator in the Congress of the Republic of Colombia for the Polo Democrático Alternativo (PDA). He also tried to be mayor of Bogota in 1997 and president in 2010, but in both cases he was unsuccessful.

But on October 30, 2011, Pietro received 723,157 votes, or 32.22% of the total, and finally won the local elections for mayor of Bogota, who is running for the Progressive Movement. The turnout was 47.7%, and in second place was Enrique Peñalosa Londono, 24.9%, the former mayor of Bogotá who will return to office after Petro.

Petro took office on January 1, 2012, and in his inaugural address he asserted that by being elected voters had said “yes” to reconciliation, referring to his M-19 guerrilla past, and said that during his rule the focus would be on education and housing, in a government-sponsored plan as “Bogota Humana”.

He left Latin America under the Petro presidency in Colombia 1:38

Garbage crisis and temporary separation

In his first year as mayor, Petro faced his worst and most remembered crisis, which initially led to an attempted revocation of his term and then his dismissal on December 9, 2013 – effective March 19, 2014 – and a 15-year disqualification. years for public office, following a disciplinary investigation by the Attorney General’s Office.

Specifically, Petro de-privatized garbage collection in the Colombian capital, and handed over the waste collection system to Empresa de Acueducto y Alcantarillado de Bogotá. The transition in 2012 led to a three-day garbage collection chaos in the city and caused millionaire expenses and an environmental impact, which then-prosecutor Alejandro Ordonez deemed a “fatal mistake.”

But what could read as a “political death” gave Petro a popular boost that left well-memorable images, as the mayor defended himself in a public square and a crowd filled Bolivar Square in downtown Bogota.

Subsequently, Petro secured an international legal victory before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, which ordered his reinstatement as mayor of Bogotá, which President Juan Manuel Santos ordered on April 23, 2014. Petro’s legal victory and his return to the mayor’s office allowed him to paint himself as a leader. To the left that is built up today.

Who is Gustavo Petro and what change is he proposing for Colombia? 8:16

His last time as mayor and balance

After being reinstated, Petro continued in office until his term expired on December 31, 2015. He was the mayor of Bogotá for nearly four years, with the exception of his temporary dismissal between March 19 and April 23, 2014.

He finished his term with a low preference: As of December 2015, Petro’s acceptance level was 36%, according to a Gallup poll. According to the 2015 Bogotá How We Go Report, Petro had a 32% positive rating and a 68% negative rating in his final year in office.

What was the balance this time?

According to the report of the Fedoría Region, the preventive monitoring entity in Bogotá, the Bogotá Humana program has achieved mixed results according to its own objectives.

It is noteworthy that as of December 31, 2015, the last day of the Petro government, there was a high probability of achieving 21 of its initial 56 goals, i.e. 38%. But another 9 goals (16%) were at medium risk of non-compliance and 26 (46%) were at high risk of not meeting.

The economic development and social integration sectors were the top management performers, with 80% and 91% respectively of their goals being achieved or close to being achieved. On the other hand, in Mobility and Habitat, 80% of their targets were at high risk of non-compliance.

What were Petro’s successes?

The best results were observed in the areas of education and health, where, among other measures, the Local Oversight Office verified that 263,649 children and adolescents were reached by the 40-hour week school day; 717,791 students received school meals and 90,434 school transportation; Covering 944,072 families with promotion and prevention activities in health centers; 23,097 Benefit for unprotected seniors; 1,291,158 people were able to access the subsidized system of the Social Security Health System.

These developments were reflected in Bogotá’s multidimensional poverty index, which rose from 11.9% in 2011, a year before Petro’s arrival, to 4.7% in 2015, before leaving the mayor’s office, according to data from the National Statistics Administration (DANE). ).

What are the errors?

However, Petro’s Bogotá Humana was far from its goals in terms of infrastructure, according to the district supervisor.

For example, only 18 of the 86 schools were built, and 8 of the 39 incomplete schools were completed. In addition, 3,959 new places were created in public education out of 30,000 programmed places, and 21% of the programmed facilities for early childhood were built, adapted and equipped.

There was also no progress in terms of city mobility in relation to the subway, air cable and rail networks, and 11,638 priority (VIP) homes were built out of the planned 70,000.

Look: This was Rodolfo Hernandez’s passing by the mayor of Bucaramanga

With information from Melissa Velasquez

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