- BBC News World
Eating a fake banana for breakfast or snacking on pandanus may be very common in the near future.
in the face of a threat Climate emergencyScientists are already working to prove that our diet is against acute food crises.
The war in Ukraine highlighted the dangers of relying on a few globally traded crops.
With 90% of calories coming from just 15 crops, experts at Royal Botanic Gardens in Kew, London, are researching ingredients Preparing the list that we will eat in 2050.
Diversifying the food we eat is one solution to alleviating hunger, addressing biodiversity loss and helping adapt to the climate crisis, says Kew Gardens researcher Sam Perennon.
“We know that there are thousands of species of edible plants around the world that are consumed by different groups, and here we can find some solutions to these future global challenges‘, he comments.
Of the more than 7,000 edible plants worldwide, only 417 are widely cultivated and used for food.
pandanus (Pandanos Tetoriuslisten)) is a small tree that grows in coastal regions from the Pacific Islands to the Philippines. The leaves are used to flavor sweet and savory dishes throughout much of Southeast Asia, while the pineapple-like fruit can be eaten raw or cooked.
The tree can withstand adverse conditions, such as drought, strong winds and salt spray, says Maribel Soto Gomez, a researcher at Kew Gardens, convinced that pandanus fruit is “climate-resistant and nutritious, and it’s also delicious.”
“It would be great to diversify our menu to include foods that are culturally appropriate, nutritious and capable of I slept in difficult circumstances All over the world, ”the expert confirms.
Beans or legumes are the “food of the future.” They are inexpensive, rich in protein and B vitamins, and adapted to a wide range of environments, from ocean shores to mountainsides.
There are 20,000 species of legumes in the world, but we only use a handful of them. “It is believed that there are hundreds in nature that are still unknown.shred for scientists“says Helen Briggs, the BBC’s environment correspondent.
morin bean (Tylosema esculentumlisten)) is a staple food in parts of Botswana, Namibia and South Africa, where beans are boiled with corn or ground into a powder to make cream of oats or a cocoa-like beverage.
The grains, which come from herbs, are also very diverse, with more than 10,000 species, offering great potential for new foods.
the phone (Digitaria . exiles), for example, is a nutritious African grain used to make couscous, creamy oatmeal, and beverages, and Your plant can withstand drought.
Inset, or “false banana” (Ensete ventricosum), is a relative of the banana, but is eaten only in part of Ethiopia.
The fruit of the plant is not edible, but the starchy stems and roots can be fermented and used to make porridge and bread.
Studies show that this crop has the ability to Feeding more than 100 million people around the world.
Reliance on a handful of crops to feed the world’s population has led to malnutrition and exacerbated the climate crisis.
It is estimated that the diet of more than 4000 million people depends only on Rice, corn and wheatThis puts the world food system at risk.
Faced with this problem, Pandanus and the other “Plants of the Future” They aspire to become, in a few decades, our best allies in the kitchen.
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