Who is Gustavo Petro, the rebel close to the presidency – the presidency – the 2022 elections

It is impossible to know what a head is going through Gustavo Petro In view of the electoral scenario that resulted from these elections, in which the dispute over the second presidential round will be contested Today’s electoral phenomenon, Rodolfo Hernandez.

The left-wing leader, who studies data, economics and history, must already be designing strategies to defeat such an unusual competitor, when, until recently, polls suggested another would be his.

But this may not be the first nor the last difficulty he will face in his long political career. Gustavo Francisco Pietro Origo, the great reference for the Colombian who left in recent years. Although there are many who disagree with his political thinking, the truth is that Petro is a crowd-pleasing leader who has, on several occasions, made the country talk about his proposals to get to Nariño’s home. So be critical.

Much of that support is found among the youth, who see him as a leader capable of transforming the country. Even those who take a picture with him present it on their social networks as loot. And his account on TikTok yesterday gained 815,000 followers.

Gustavo Pietro was born in Sinaga de Oro (Córdoba) on April 19, 1960.. He lived part of his life in Zipaquirá, Cundinamarca, where his father was transferred to work as a public servant in the education sector. Educated at the Lasallian Priests College, he grew up admiring Gabriel García Márquez, who also passed those classes.

In this city, it seems, the political interests of the historical charter candidate, who lived through the turmoil caused by the presidential elections of 1970, began to emerge. Years later he became the chancellor of that municipality.

(You can read: What is coming now for Gustavo Petro’s campaign?).

His academic training includes being an Economist from Externado University in Colombia, with specialization studies in Public Administration from ESAP, Masters studies in Economics from Javeriana University, specialization in Environment and Population Development from the Catholic University of Leuven (Belgium) and doctoral studies. in New Directions in Business Administration at the University of Salamanca.

One of his more commented predecessors is his time in the M-19 guerrilla, which he accessed through former Democratic Center congressman Everth Bustamante, a former member of the subversive organization. Despite belonging to that group, Bustamante has taken the path of Uribism in recent years. in time, Pietro had the alias Aureliano and “Andres”. The first is in reference to Colonel Aureliano Buendia, one of the heroes of One Hundred Years of Solitude, by the Colombian Nobel laureate Gabriel García Márquez.

Well, I shot there, with Julia, who taught me what a firearm is. The training was all the M-19 had. The Tupamaros drove us from Uruguay. We went up into the mountains, at five in the morning, in a military discipline. It was learning how to shoot Shot by a woman is a complete breakdown of all archetypes. But I have never shot a human being. Perhaps the violence would have swallowed me up, says Jose Eustasio Rivera, “Petro recently told Bocas magazine.

One of the facts The most controversial that was carried out by M-19 was the seizure of the Palace of Justice, on November 6 and 7, 1985, a historical episode in which Pietro has always denied direct participation.. According to him, at that time he was in prison and was a victim of torture, and therefore, no decision was made on that military action that stained the highest altar of Colombian justice with blood and tragedy. What is known is a video clip of an interview with Petro from his time as a combatant, in which he appeared with a blue mustache and hoodie and behind him the blue, white and red flag of this rebel organization.

(You may be interested in: Gustavo Petro: “Corruption is not fought in phrases on TikTok”).

The story of the theft and the return of the sword of Bolivar

In the report, the current presidential candidate denounces the supposed disappearance of some members of the group and talks about the sword of Simon Bolivar, who was stolen by those gangs in 1974 and returned in 1991.

The sword (Simon) Bolivar will be publicly displayed. It is in Colombia, it will remain in Colombia, it will remain in the hands of the M-19 and in the hands of the Colombian people until the goals of freedom, social justice, peace for all, and true democracy says Pietro in the video.

Years after this interview, in 1989, a The peace agreement between the government of then President Virgilio Barco and the M-19, which brought Petro back to political life from the urbanization sidewhere it has remained ever since.

(Read also: Gustavo Petro: Who is the candidate going to the second round and what is he proposing).

The peace process with these gangs led to the formation of a political party called the M-19 Democratic Alliance, which had an active participation in the Constituent National Assembly that drafted the 1991 constitution.

With the support of this community, Pietro arrived in the Chamber of Deputies in the same year for the Cundinamarca oathBut after his life was subjected to some intimidation and threats, in 1994 he was appointed diplomatic attache for human rights at the Colombian Embassy in Belgium.

The events of Petro’s last campaign were closely guarded.

picture:

Phanixa Romero / Time

After passing through Brussels, the candidate returned to Congress in 1998, this time on behalf of the Vía Alterna movement, which he founded with some former members of the M-19. At that time he was represented in the Bogota Chamber. Between 2006 and 2010 he was a member of the Senate.

For many observers, his passage through Congress was one of the elements that shaped Petro in political debate, in controversy, but also in condemnation, which were his discussions of political control over acts of corruption by public officials or by the relationship of a part of the political class to the paramilitaries.

(You can read: Colombia: This is how the world scores the second round between Petro and Hernandez.)

With this experience, Petro ran for the first time for the presidency in 2010, in the election won by Juan Manuel Santos. At the time, the left-wing senator was approved by the Polo Democrático Alternativo, a political party he split from years later.

In October 2011, with the Progressive Movement, he was elected mayor of Bogotá in an election in which he defeated candidates of his caliber. Enrique Peñalosa, Carlos Fernando Galán, Gina Parodi and Jaime Castroamong other things.

Nearly two years after ruling the country’s capital, in December 2013 came the summoned dismissal and obstruction of then-Prosecutor Alejandro Ordonez, which was undone years later and caused the current presidential candidate to move to the Inter-American Court. Humans.

Passage through the office of the mayor of Bogota, defenders and detractors

Petro’s tenure as mayor of the country’s capital was marked by some controversial decisions, such as, for example, Change in garbage collection modelThis caused some sectors of the capital to suffer from the presence of waste for a few days.

(You may be interested in: Presidential elections: Election results abroad.)

He has “a very impulsive and authoritarian temper, and when he insisted on implementing his proposals (…) he didn’t know how to meet and summon the different sectors to put them into practice. A close advisor and advocate for Petro at the time who ended up far away, Daniel Garcia Peña told the agency AFP his.

After these years, The presidential candidate ran for the second time in 2018, this time with the Columbia Humana Movement, who got him to the second round, but was defeated by the current president, Ivan Duque. Second place gave him the chance to become a senator, a dignity he currently holds.

Two weeks ago, as he finished an intervention in the Senate plenary and left the chamber, some of his fellow campaigners who assumed he was the next president of Colombians applauded him. And some of his campaign work wants to show him as president Like, for example, the Petro Escucha space, where the presidential candidate sits to listen to the expectations of citizens in different parts of the country and offer solutions to their problems.

We were led by Tupamaros from Uruguay. We were climbing mountains at five in the morning in a military system

Despite his left-wing origins, Pietro says he is not of that ideological direction. I no longer divide politics between left and right, as it did in the twentieth century. At that time I was a young leftist (…) Politics in the twenty-first century is undergoing a different interest (…) Two big areas are the politics of life and the politics of death,” he told this newspaper a few months ago. It has been defined as “the politics of life “.

However, many people in Colombia do not believe him and are afraid of some of his proposals, such as, for example, Taking part of the money that workers contribute to private pension funds to the public or eliminating EPS and transferring these resources to the state to fuel a preventive model.

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There are also those who say that once in the Nariño Council he will try to re-elect him, arguing that his proposals need a long breath to show results. “We’re interested in implementing the 1991 constitution, not changing it (…) I’m not interested in getting re-elected,” he told CNN.

But then Petro and his campaign will have a lot to think about, because everything is designed to take on a rival like Fico Gutiérrez and not a character who breaks all the schemes of traditional politics in Colombia.

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