Gustavo Petro, of the Historic Pact, led the vote in the first round of the presidency on Sunday, May 29 in Colombia. This is the fourth time he has tried to reach Casa de Nariño.
(Read: Petro and Hernandez, the two candidates who go into the second presidential round)
With 99.7 percent of the tables saved, Gustavo Petro and Francia Marquez, the vice president’s formula, garnered more than 8.5 million votes, according to the registrar’s office.
Pietro has become the undisputed leader of the left in Colombia, which has not prevented important leaders such as Jorge Enrique Robledo and Antonio Navarro from setting the distances with him in recent years.
In the mayor’s office in Bogotá, he was punished with dismissal and disability by the public prosecutor’s office due to the chaos of garbage management, from which he was eventually acquitted by a decision of the State Council. For its part, the Supreme Court raised the investigation against Petro in the video scandal in which he was shown receiving a bag with cash, as it decided that a possible violation of the law had already been identified when the truth was revealed.
(Read: There are 584 complaints about alleged electoral irregularities: Ministry of Interior)
Among this year’s presidential candidates, Petro is the most experienced in elections: He won congressional elections (via the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate), reached the office of Mayor of Bogota and received the second largest number of votes in the 2018 elections: 4.8 million in the first round and about 8 million in the second, when he was defeated by President Ivan Duque, an economist and holder of Diploma from the Catholic University of Leuven (Belgium).
During his campaign and in discussions, Gustavo Pietro advocated several controversial proposals. In a potential government for him, he asserts, there will be a transition from an extractive economy of oil and coal to an economy based on agricultural productivity and a boost to the crops of the country’s 11 major producers.
The first decision I will make is to stop contracting for oil drilling in Colombia. It is a clear message: We are heading towards a productive economy, not an extractive economy,” he told EL TIEMPO in an interview.
To achieve this, the applicant emphasized that it is necessary to promote a policy in which tariffs on inputs that stimulate value addition are removed in Colombia.
In addition, it is proposed to rebuild all agricultural enterprises: Idema, Ica, Incora and support funds.
(Hernandez will face Petro in Round Two: Explaining the Political Phenomenon)
In his government plan, he proposes a structural tax reform in which to reduce taxes on small and medium-sized productive companies engaged in agriculture using clean energy.
Another of his proposals concerns education. Petro plans to increase budgets for this portfolio and for culture and sports. According to him, these three areas must work together.
(You may be interested in: State politicians’ reactions after the first presidential run)
With regard to security, Petro emphasized that “crime must be viewed in a multidimensional manner”, that is, according to what he asserts, he will implement policies that promote social inclusion.
During his campaign, one of the most contentious issues was the state’s use of a portion of the money Colombians save in private pension funds.